1) Use The FAMACHA field test every time goats are handled.
2) Deworm goats individually and only as necessary.
3) Cull all goats that display susceptibility to worms (assuming that they aren’t overcrowded and living in filthy conditions).
4) Select goats that display tolerance or resistance to worms. No breed is resistant to worms but there are individuals within breeds that can be selected for worm resistance.
DO NOT ROTATE DEWORMERS. Use one dewormer until it quits working, then change to another family of dewormer
Pneumonia vaccinations:
The two most common killers of goats are worms and pneumonia. Vaccinate against the most common forms of pneumonia using . Inject SQ one cc (1 cc) at one month of age for kids 60 pounds or less and dose at 2 cc’s for goats weighing more than 60 pounds. Repeat in two to four weeks. Goats purchased and added to your herd, both kids and adults, should receive the two-shot immunization to insure adequate protection. Use an 18 gauge needle, as these are thick liquids. Use an icepack when using the bottle in the field in warm weather as these vaccines are temperature sensitive.
Most Vaccines have a statement on the label recommending that they be used in their entirety once opened. This is a manufacturer’s statement intended to limit legal liability. To prevent contamination of the bottle’s contents, put and leave a single needle into the bottle while in use and change syringes and needles each time medication is drawn. Then refrigerate the bottle containing unused vaccine immediately after use.
Caseous Lymphadenitis Vaccinations:
I vaccinate all goats against CL. I vaccinate kids no sooner than four to six months of age, and I do *not* vaccinate them against any other disease at the same time. I give the two-shot initial vaccination series 21 to 30 days apart, although the bottle directions state less time in between shots. The CL bacteria is a very unusual organism and, as such, the vaccine is somewhat “harsh” in that some goats have reactions to it. I vaccinate adults before I breed them. I do not vaccinate bred does although I am told by other producers that they have not experienced problems vaccinating bred does. All goats must receive an annual booster vaccination.